Root Canal Treatment

Chances are you or a family member have been told that a root canal treatment is necessary to save a tooth; perhaps root canal is already underway. In either case, it's important to understand what will happen during root canal treatment and why this procedure is necessary to save the tooth.

Why Root Canal Treatment?

If you have been told that every Canal is necessary to save one of your teeth, it is important that you understand why this procedure is necessary and what happens during root canal treatment.

White filling,dental crown,root canal White filling,dental crown,root canal

Root canal treatment (Endodontics) treats disorders of the nerve (also called the pulp) of the tooth. It used to be that a tooth with the diseased or infected nerve had to be the removed. In 95% of the cases today, however, this is no longer true. We believe in saving teeth instead of removing them. We make every effort to help you keep your natural teeth for a lifetime!

What makes a root canal necessary?

The following are the most common factors contributing to a need for root canal treatment:

  • Physical irritation caused by decay or a large filling
  • Severe gum disease
  • Trauma, such as at physical blow to a tooth or a constant striking off a tooth in the opposite jaw that traumatizes the tooth

What happens during root canal treatment?

If we determine through X-rays and a clinical examination that root canal treatment is necessary, we will schedule an appointment for you. First, we will apply and anesthetic to numb the tooth and surrounding area. The tooth may be isolated with a rubber dam, which confines the treatment area and protects the mouth from bacteria and chemical agents. An opening is made to the crown of the tooth into the pulp. Then we carefully remove the diseased pulp, the root canal area inside your tooth is cleaned, enlarged and shaped. Then, depending on every individual case, the root canal and pulp chamber may be permanently filled and sealed. In some cases we place a temporary medication in the tooth to control bacterial growth and reduce infection. During the root canal treatment, we take multiple x-rays to ensure that all infected pulp is removed and that the walls inside the canal are smooth. To complete the process, the root canal and pulp chamber are permanently filled and sealed.

What care follows the root canal treatment?

Once the root canal treatment has been completed, you should consider the following: A root canaled tooth is more brittle than a vital tooth and is more susceptible to fracture. Therefore in most cases we recommend that your root canal tooth be crowned or capped following root canal treatment. Although the roots are sealed after root canal, the outer surface is filled with a temporary filling. It is essential to restore the tooth permanently. Current research has shown that even newly sealed root canals may get totally contaminated with bacteria either if the temporary filling is missing for over 2 weeks OR if crown is not done within few weeks after root canal. Also the tooth may fracture or crack without permanent crown. A final restoration (buildup, crown, onlay) will give the tooth its necessary protection.